The Elbow Lake Ranch is typical of the region with terrain that is undulating to hilly. The dominant brush species are mesquite and cedar with large live oak motts paralleling the Old Devils River bottom which runs the entire length of the property. Isolated stands of live oak and pin oak are scattered throughout the ranch. Mesquite dominates the grass laden flats that occur in isolated sites separated rugged rocky outcrops. Additional brush species that can be found on the ranch include tasajillo, Texas persimmon, agarita, cat claw, ephedra, hog plum and prickly pear cactus. Water is well distributed throughout the ranch in the form of numerous stock tanks and windmills. The mix of high protein brush species and ample water combine to provide a beneficial habitat for all wildlife that inhibit the ranch.